India is a country which has though adopted the Right to Education Act and has made a mention of this right in Article 21A of the Indian Constitution; even then India has strived to achieve a literacy rate of only 74-75 percent. This figure may seem huge, but the simple criteria to certify a person as literate along with the advancing world is referred; the figure seems to be a small one only.
To determine the literacy rate along with the percent of educated people we need to discuss upon various heads of education in India. Here we will discuss some topics to increase Education Percentage in India.
The opening up of the Anganwadi centers and the Indian government schools at each and every city and village has brought most of the children to school. Moreover, the appropriate governments also provide the students with various perks like free education, meals, books and uniform. This is the level of education where most of the students are enrolled and it is going up.
This is the level where the drop out from school begins. The reason being, the poor conditions of the family. Not in all States, the education till the secondary level is free. The poor send their sons to work and get their daughters married after they complete their primary education. Scholarship schemes can help benefit this level of education.
This is the level of education where most of the students tend not to opt for. The reason being the high fees. It is very much evident that top class government colleges like IIT, NLU, AIIMS, IIM, NIFT are all high prices and private institutions charge double and more. Due to this reason, most the population which is either poor, or constitutes of the lower middle class doesn’t send their children for higher education. They prefer sending their children for jobs. The Central and the State universities charge less but still the poor household cannot afford the same. In this regard, the various scholarship schemes have played a very important role and so has reservation.
This is one of the trends mostly observed in the rural areas. The reason being, the population is unaware of the perks of being literate. In rural areas, night schools are operated by NGOs where the farmers who are not literate and also, the population who is senior is change are taught free of cost. This type of schooling is becoming popular and is bearing fruitful results.
The gender literacy is a big issue for the country to tackle. If we rely on the stats, then we can see that 82 percent of the males are literate as compared to 65 percent of females. A huge gap of 17 percent still lies. Though the 2011 census figures are better than the previous ones. It is only due to the different schemes introduced by the various State Governments with the support of the Central government. Schemes like Cycle Yojana, Uniform, Free meals and most importantly, free education have attracted most of the female students in the nation to schools. The poor parents are now sending their daughters to school.
Education is very much important to survive in the globalized world of today. It is most of the times seen that the poor people are the ones who remain literate and so do their children. This is one of the reasons due to which they are victimized. But, the efforts of the governments at the different levels have helped increase the literacy rate in the recent years and are continuing to do the same.