Preventing Pupils Difficulties

Schools must try to prevent pupils from running into difficulties in the course of their school work. Content, working methods and organization must therefore be designed so as to be readily adjustable to the individuality of different pupils. Local decision-making powers, vested in the individual school, the work unit and the class, concerning subject matter, working methods and work procedures, are therefore essential in order for a school to discharge its duties successfully.  

If a pupil encounters difficulties in the course of his (or her) school work, consideration must be given to the possibility of altering school working methods. Teaching must be planned so as to permit a variable working method. The liberty which a school enjoys in the deployment of resources and regarding methods and the selection of subject matter provides good opportunities of this type of preventive work.  

Pupils with differing dispositions and interests must be able to experience school work as something capable of furthering their own development. Schools must offer variegated contents. Pupils must be allowed to participate in planning. And they must be able to choose different fields of study which are relevant to goals and main teaching items. Free options account for roughly one third of all school time at senior level. While at junior and intermediate levels time can be reserved for project studies. In certain cases assignments of this kind can be made to last longer for some pupils than for others.  

At the same time one must be alive to the conflict which often exists between the current.   Schools must prepare pupils adequately for future working life and for future studies, for example in the form of recurrent education. Total adjustment to the pupils’ spontaneous interests can result in their encountering great difficulties when they come to enter working life or continue their studies, in which case their school difficulties are converted into impediments later on in life.  

It therefore remains the task -and a difficult task -of teachers to try to steer the pupils’ spontaneous desire for knowledge into important fields. and to utilize their practical vocational orientation together with conversations and interviews as a means of getting them to realize the value of different types of knowledge and skill. Schools must not isolate school work from the life of the community by making all activities freely chosen work, otherwise the pupils will suffer a shock when they come up against the demands which life involves. Gaps in elementary knowledge can result in lifelong social or psychological helplessness. Lack of previous knowledge tends to make pupils regard themselves as ‘untalented’, in which case schools help to accentuate social inequalities.  

It is above all necessary for basic training in the skills of speech, reading, writing and arithmetic to be conducted consistently and with determination. Shortcomings with regard to these skills aggravate school difficulties at higher levels. Boundaries between school levels must not be allowed to constitute boundaries regarding the practice of skills. Continuous reading instruction, for example, must be available to pupils at any level.  

As stated earlier, working methods must also be adapted to suit different pupils. Methods with an excessively verbal emphasis are particularly prejudicial to many pupils. Work based entirely on written material and written instructions gives an advantage to pupils whose ambition and educational motivation makes them less dependent on personal and emotional contact with a teacher for the maintenance of their endeavor. On the other hand it can very easily cause difficulties for pupils without these qualifications. Extensive scope must instead be allotted to investigatory elements in the natural and social environment and also to practical tasks. Methods of this kind are greatly facilitated by different teachers co-operating in teaching teams.  

Four Things That Would Change The World

Free Internet Access for All

According to the internet world statistics it’s estimated that there are two and a half billion people who use the internet. The world population is 7 billion, leaving five billion people still not online.

Most of this is the developing world and remote areas. Imagine if getting online was free just a normal part of society? It would literally change the world.

For example a farmer in a third world country would be able to discover better ways of raising his crops.

The world could freely share its knowledge, ideas and values. This indeed would change the world.

Upgradeable Mobile Phones

According to digital trends it is estimated in 2014 the amount of mobile phones in the world will exceed that of the population.

That is over 7 billion phones on the planet most of the obsolete handsets end up in landfill or recycling centres.

What if the mobile phone was upgradeable just like computers? When screen size and quality cannot get any better. Why not have the ability to upgrade the processor, memory and hard drive along side the software when extra functions and features are needed.

This would change an industry and the demand on the world’s natural resources.

Artificial Intelligence

Technology that can learn is a fascinating area that was previously only discussed in science fiction books is becoming closer to be a reality.

A great example of the beginnings of this is internet search engines, mobile devices and computers. Real world applications could be self-driving cars automated home appliances and companion robots the possibilities are endless.

It would have a profound effect on society if machines could train themselves, it would indeed change the world.

Renewable Energy

It is estimated with an increasing world population that the World’s gas and oil supplies will not last for ever. Production peaked in 2010 and a declined is expected in 2050 with production in Europe finishing by then.

That is only thirty six years away the fact is for the sake of our children and next generations it cannot be ignored. Harnessing energy from wind and sun is a massive challenge at the moment only because we have an alternative. When this alternative ceases to be available resources and intelligence will have to shift its focus into renewable energy.

Improvements in renewable technologies will be the key to the future of the human race on earth.

Artificial Intelligence – Available Now

Whenever a person wants to present themselves as an industry expert, one credible approach is to paint a shining picture of future technology and what people can expect from hopeful visions of things to come. One potential that has long bothered me is the current general perception of artificial intelligence technology.

There are a few key concepts that are not often included in the general discussion of creating machines that think and act like us. First, the problem with artificial intelligence is that it is artificial. Trying to create machines that work like the human brain and its special creative properties has always seemed useless to me. We already have people to do all that. If we succeed in generating a system that is every bit as able as the human brain to create and solve problems, such an achievement will also result in the same limitations.

There is no benefit in creating an artificial life form that can surpass us to further degrade the value of humanity. Creating machines to enhance and compliment the wonders of human thinking does have many appealing benefits. One significant plus to building artificially intelligent systems is the benefit of the teaching process. Like people, machines have to be taught what we want them to learn, but unlike us, the methods used to imprint machine instructions can be accomplished in a single pass.

Our brains allow us to selectively flush out information we do not want to retain, and are geared for a learning process based on repetition to imprint a long term memory. Machines cannot “forget” what they are taught unless they are damaged, reach their memory capacity, or they are specifically instructed to erase the information they are tasked to retain. This makes machines great candidates for performing all the tediously repetitive tasks, and storing all the information we do not want to burden ourselves with absorbing. With a little creativity, computers can be adjusted to respond to people in ways that are more pleasing to the human experience, without the need to actually replicate the processes that comprise this experience. We can already teach machines to issue polite responses, offer helpful hints, and walk us through learning processes that mimic the niceties of human interaction, without requiring machines to actually understand the nuances of what they are doing. Machines can repeat these actions because a person has programmed them to execute the instructions that offer these results. If a person wants to take the time to impress aspects of presenting their own personality into a sequence of mechanical instructions, computers can faithfully repeat these processes when called upon to do so.

In today’s market place, most software developers do not add on the extra effort that is required to make their applications seem more polite and conservatively friendly to the end users. If the commercial appeal for doing this was more apparent, more software vendors would race to jump onto this bandwagon. Since the consuming public understands so little about how computers really work, many people seem to be nervous about machines that project a personality that is too human in the flavor of its interaction with people. A computer personality is only as good as the creativity of its originator, which can be quite entertaining. For this reason, if computers with personality are to gain ground in their appeal, friendlier system design should incorporate a partnering with end users themselves in building and understanding how this artificial personality is constructed. When a new direction is needed, a person can incorporate that information into the process, and the machine learns this new aspect as well.

People can teach a computer how to cover all contingencies that arise in accomplishing a given purpose for managing information. We do not have to take ourselves out of the loop in training computers how to work with people. The goal of achieving the highest form of artificial intelligence, self-teaching computers, also reflects the highest form of human laziness. My objective in design is to accomplish a system that will do the things I want it to do, without having to deal with negotiating over what the system wants to do instead. This approach is already easier to achieve than most people think, but requires consumer interest to become more prevalent.

Carbon NanoTube Material for Submarine Hulls and Undersea Colonies?

There was once a Navy Scientist who wished to design and build a US Navy fleet of submarines out of glass. Of course these subs would not be made of your typical household glass. Perhaps a metal type glass, which could withstand the pressure or carbon nano-tube sheets, which I have thought of myself. I can remember some Sci-Fi writers discussing underwater villages of aliens under the sea with clear construction materials, fun stuff to think about indeed. Yet we are now entering a age of new materials which where it may actually be possible, even likely that humans will attempt to build such things. Colonies under the sea, you see?

Perhaps we could design vortex flows to keep the pressure off the surfaces of the hull of the sub or undersea colony. Indeed, vortex creation would pull water away from the surface; movement maybe required at all times to use this principle for submarines. And you would need to put the underwater colony in relative fast moving underwater flows with vortex creation apparatuses up wind of the structure to get the water swirling. A simple fixed formation could accomplish this.

For submarines the blowing of air bubbles out as it moves might also be incorporated into the process to decrease hull pressure, which would also increase speed. Perhaps adding a wave energy wave creation feature when using materials such as carbon nano-tubes might be used since making the surface electrified would be easy. If we used such a concept also special coatings, which provide a gel formation around the boundary layer could be used as well. I bet there are 20 ways to do this really? And so we need to invest more research monies in exploring the mastering of the seas. Think on this in 2006.

Pollution on Human BioSystem in Manufacturing of Carbon Nanotubes

One problem in manufacturing has always been worker safety. What will the future of OSHA look like in the United States? As other nations with no worker safety run forward in the Global Market they will enter their Industrial Revolution just like America did. But up until that point they will continue to pollute their water supplies and air and take advantage of their cheap labor.

The United States will have to relax their OSHA Standards or re-align them with reality. Some say any relaxing of such regulations will be a sham and an obvious and careless move against the American worker for increased profits and exploitation of our labor markets here at home.

In making new materials like carbon nanotube sheets many methods will be used such as for instance the possible use of frequency fields in the microwave area, chemical ionic bonding and high amounts of heat. All of which might be very dangerous to human beings.

Perhaps robots will be assigned such tasks, yet frequency pollution in the work place can be highly disruptive to the human bio-system and health. This can lead to free radicals, cancer or other diseases. Although these issues have not been satisfactorily addressed it is important to study along with the various methods being introduced to manufacture carbon nanotubes.

A schematic of each method must be studied to make sure, none of the polluted bi-products are released into the environment or in an area which they may enter the human bio-system. Due to the nature of working with such small dimensions, it maybe a painstaking set of procedures, which will need to be introduced to make the manufacturing of carbon nanotube material possible and safe.

As the industry attempts to address these issues and come up with adequate protocols everyone is concerned as we do not need a repeat of the Asbestos issues, which caused havoc and cost many their lives. So it is essential and paramount that we address these issues to the satisfaction of all.

Scientists are working on ways to do this now and learning as they go. Designing filters, which can protect us will be difficult due to the micro scale we will be working with, however there are ways to keep the particles controlled during the process. Next we must take this process to a much higher level so we can mass-produce them to help fuel efficiency and safety for all carbon nanotubes many uses.